Ubuntu is among the most popular Linux distributions. It is easy to use, easy to install, and includes everything that anyone needed. Ubuntu officially released in three editions: desktop, server, and core for IoT and robots. Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) is the new release in the desktop and server category. In this article, we will show you to install Ubuntu 20.04 LTS desktop in your system.
Before you start the installation you will need to prepare a few things –
1. Go to this link and Download Ubuntu 20.04 LTS iso file.
2. Create an Ubuntu live disk. On the Linux machine, you could use the dd tool and in windows, you could download and use Rufus.
3. Ensure you should have at least 25 GB of space or 5GB for a minimal installation.
4. Take the backup of your data, So that if anything goes wrong you can recover your data.
How to boot from the USB drive?
Next thing is to boot from the USB drive. Insert the USB in a USB port and then either restart your system or power on it. Most of the computer will boot from the USB automatically. If your system doesn’t boot from USB by default then restart it again try holding F12. In most of the machine, it will display an option to boot from USB. Or you can change the boot priority from the BIOS.
Once your computer boot from USB First you will ask to select a language, select it, and press enter. Next, you will see the following window.
Here you can select to Try Ubuntu without installing if you want to try it without installing in the system. Since we are going to install it in our system so I will select Install Ubuntu and press enter.
Prepare to install Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
Before it starts installing Ubuntu, you will be asked to set up a few things. First, it will ask you to select the default language for Ubuntu, select it, and press continue. On the next screen, you will ask to select the default keyboard layout again select it, and press on continue. Next window will look like this –
In this window, you will have to choose between normal installation or minimal installation. A normal installation will install softwares such as office software, games, media player, etc. And in the minimal installation, it will install only necessary things such as web browser and basic utilities. Here I will choose the normal installation.
In other options, I will recommend choosing both Download updates while installing Ubuntu and Install third-party software for graphics and wifi hardware and additional media formats. Now click on continue to move to the next window.
Selecting installation type
Now choose among the options whether you’d like to install Ubuntu alongside another operating system, replace the existing one by deleting it or something else. In something else option you can create, resize partition manually. See the below image –
When you click on advanced features, you will see two more options, Use LVM with the new Ubuntu installation and Experimental: Erase disk and use ZFS. The latter one is the new feature added in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS.
Here I will keep it to erase disk and install Ubuntu option. Now once you click to install now you will see an overview of storage that you have selected, in a small window. Click on continue to begin the installation.
Select your location
If you are connected to the internet your location will be detected automatically. Check if it is correct or not and then click on continue.
Filling login details
In the next window, you will ask to enter username it will be used for login. When you enter your name it will automatically suggest a computer’s name, you can edit it also. The computer name is how you will appear on the network. Next, choose a strong password, the installer will suggest if it is too short.
Two other options are log in automatically and require my password to log in. I will suggest selecting the second one. This will stop the people to access the data on your computer. Once things get done click on continue.
Now Ubuntu will start installing in the background. This will take a few minutes to install meanwhile it will teach you how awesome Ubuntu is.
Once everything gets installed you will see a small window that is informing installation is complete. Click on restart now. Remove the installation media if prompted.
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS is ready for use. Other versions of Ubuntu also follow a similar procedure of installation.