Important question is why you need to set and unset variables at boot time???
The answer is when something is stopping you from booting your system then this may help you make your day easier. There are so many variables set by default in the system by various kernel subsystems or driver modules. you can find the default variables in /boot/defaults/loader.conf and user set variables in /boot/loader.conf file. You can see all the variables set at the loader prompt by typing the command “show” (without the quotes).
This is similar to enabling/disabling kernel module in Linux.
So lets get started to know how you can manipulate loader variables. Remember that all the commands named below are valid for boot loader prompt in FreeBSD only and these commands will not work on a command shell. Press ESCape kwy on the keyboard when you are at FreeBSD boot prompt to enter into the loader prompt.
The loader prompt will look like this:
To see all the variables loaded you can type the following:
To set a varibale enter the following:
OK set <varibale_name>=<value>
For example OK set abc=”1″ or abc=1 (both will work), where abc is the variable name and 1 is the value set to the variable.
To unset a varibale enter the following:
OK unset <varibale_name>
For example OK unset abc
Remember that to unset a variable only the variable_name is needed and the value is not at all needed.
If you need to know more of such commands on FreeBSD check the below link: