Nano is a simple and user-friendly text editor mostly used on Unix like operating systems. It emulates the Pico text editor and provides additional features and functionalities. Unlike vim, it does not operate in different modes. In nano, the user directly interacts with the text.
This article describes how to install and use the nano text editor in Linux operating system.
How to install nano text editor in Linux
There are various distributions of Linux, each of them uses different methods to install or remove packages on them. Nano is available by default in various distributions if it is not in your system then use one of the given commands to install it –
To install nano in the Debian, Ubuntu, Linux mint, etc use –
sudo apt install nano
In Centos or RHEL use –
sudo yum install nano
If you are using Fedora use –
sudo dnf install nano
Working with the nano text editor
Creating, editing files in nano is much easier as compared to other command-line text editors available in Linux. Let us see how you can use the nano to create or edit text files.
Create a new file
To create a new file lets say file1, first open your terminal by pressing
ctrl+alt+t and then use the following command –
When you press the enter after typing this command this will open file1 for editing. You can start entering text here –
Copy, cut or paste text in the nano text editor
Press and hold the
ctrl+shift and then move the cursor using the arrow keys to mark the text. And then –
- Press the
alt+6for coping the marked text and then move the cursor where you want to paste it, press
ctrl+uto paste the copied text.
- If you want to cut the marked text press the
ctrl+k. Now move the cursor where you want to paste it and press the
ctrl+uto paste the text.
To search for the specific text in a file press
ctrl+w this will display an option for search, As you can see in the image below. Enter the text that you want to search in this file and then press enter, this will bring the cursor to the starting of that word or pattern.
Save the content of the file
To save the content of file1 press
ctrl+s. This will save the content of the file under the file name file1. If you are saving text for the first time then it may ask you to enter the file name to write the text.
Save the content of a file with a different filename
You can change the file name while saving its content, Press
ctrl+o this will give an option to edit the file name, change the name if you want and then press the enter to save it.
Or If no filename is provided till now then here you can enter the name of this file.
After entering the file name if you press enter, this will prompt you for confirmation, enter yes and then press the enter key to save it.
Exit from the editor
When you are done editing press
ctrl+s to save and then press
ctrl+x to exit from the editor.
By following the given steps you can start using the nano text editor in Linux. Now If you want to say something on this topic then write us in the comments below.